3 Aug - 4 min read
You might have some idea about takaful insurance representing Islamic principles and that conventional policies are commercial products, and you would be right!
But let’s take a closer look to see how else they differ:
|What is it?||A co-operative policy where funds are contributed by donations from participants. The pooled funds can be used to protect other participants from risk.||A policy that shifts the risk to the insurance company. You pay a premium to receive coverage.|
|Who Can Buy This Policy?||Anybody||Anybody|
|How Are Pooled Funds Invested?||Operators will only invest in syariah-compliant instruments which are free of gambling, usury and uncertainty*||Insurance companies are free to invest in legal instruments like stock, bonds, etc.|
|What Happens to The Profits or Surplus?||It is shared among the participants and operators of a takaful fund.||Dividends are returned to shareholders|
Now you know what sets them apart in principle, but what does it all mean for you? Here are the answers to common questions you may have about takaful and conventional insurance.
There is a difference to how the premiums and contributions are used with these policy types. For instance, with life takaful plans, contributions are typically divided into two accounts. The first is the Participant Special Account which is where the payouts and benefits come from and the second is the Participant Account, a savings and investment fund. When your policy reaches maturity, you will be entitled to your share of the fund based on your contribution.
This is similar to investment-linked conventional insurance policies where a portion of your premium goes towards investment and the rest to your coverage and other charges. However, whole life, term and endowment conventional insurance policies typically put your premiums towards coverage, after commission or admin charges have been subtracted.
One isn’t necessarily cheaper than the other, but in terms of ‘extra risk premiums’, takaful insurance may be better in terms of cost. This is because takaful fund rates are generally fixed and people deemed to carry extra risk aren’t typically charged more, unless in severe situations that would cause losses to the entire fund.
For instance, with medical takaful, someone with severe health issues may be asked to increase his contribution accordingly. Conventional insurance will charge more where extra foreseen risks are present (e.g. people with dangerous professions and smokers, etc.).
Conventional insurance typically charges a fixed commission fee of 2% whereas takaful operators might impose a ‘wakalah’ charge depending on the product and model.
The wakalah charge is similar to a service fee. For instance, with Prudential BSN takaful Protect, the initial charges in the first year start at 75% of your contribution and reduce gradually till it reaches 0% in the seventh year.
Both types of policies offer a wide range of products for motor, health, life, home and travel insurance as well as many other types of protections. Conventional and takaful insurances offer standalone plans as well as rider options.
However, additional takaful products might cater to special Islam-related activities. For instance, Muslims might appreciate Hajj and Umrah takaful plans that cover travelers making the pilgrimage for travel inconveniences, medical expenses and accidents.
For takaful, apart from profit sharing and surplus payouts for participants in the fund, the extra perks differ from plan to plan and can be quite attractive to different people for different reasons.
For instance, those wanting to save money will appreciate a medical takaful plan that offers cashback for no claims.
Premiums and contributions for both conventional and takaful policies can be claimed for tax relief for medical, life and child education policies. If you are looking for insurance plans, whether conventional or takaful-based, do have a gander at our comparison page first to discover the most affordable plans with the best terms.
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