A Guide To The Private Retirement Scheme (PRS)

The PRS was introduced as an additional retirement investment scheme over and above EPF to help Malaysians better prepare for retirement. But is it really the thing for you? Here's a quick guide to help you decide.

Malaysians cannot afford to retire with just their EPF savings alone. With retirement planning far down the list of priorities among youths, the EPF has consistently stated that a majority of Malaysians do not have enough money in their EPF accounts to last them for long. In 2014 and again in 2017, the EPF found that a staggering 68% of members aged 54 have less than RM50,000 in their EPF accounts, which the EPF estimates will only last them for 4.5 years! This has forced many to delay retirement or find alternate means of income well into old age.

To combat the lack of retirement savings, the Private Retirement Scheme (PRS) was introduced in 2012, and sought to encourage people to build their retirement income in another way beyond EPF. If you've been thinking of contributing, here's what you need to know about PRS.

What is the Private Retirement Scheme (PRS)?

The PRS is a defined contribution pension scheme which allows people to voluntarily contribute into an investment vehicle for the purposes of building up their retirement fund. This is especially useful for those who wish to grow their retirement fund and invest but aren't savvy in the area of investment.

However, don't mistake this as a substitute for the EPF scheme. The PRS complements the EPF, offering individuals the ability to build another fund that they can tap into when they retire, rather than relying on EPF alone.

On top of that, having a voluntary scheme in addition to the EPF allows private company employees and self-employed persons to voluntarily diversify their contributions towards their retirement.


PRS is similar to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) in that it is a retirement scheme. Like with EPF, PRS contributions are also divided 70:30 into two sub-accounts: Sub-Account A and Sub-Account B. Only upon reaching the retirement age of 55 years, or in the case of death or emigration, can withdrawals be made from the PRS account. Pre-retirement withdrawals can only be made from Sub-Account B, subject to an 8% tax penalty.

There are a few key differences between EPF and PRS. For starters, PRS is a voluntary contribution scheme where you can contribute as little or as much as you want. Secondly, PRS is privately run by financial institutions with no guaranteed returns, unlike the government-owned EPF which guarantees you a minimum dividend rate of 2.5% a year.

You also have to choose which of the listed PRS providers and their corresponding funds you want to contribute to. You can spread out your contributions between more than one fund. Each fund has a different level of risk and corresponding returns, so you’ll have to do a bit of market research before making your selection. Alternatively, you can be allocated to a default option based on your age group.

PRS Providers

PRS fund managers - collectively known as PRS providers - are required to be approved by the Securities Commission, and all PRS activities are administered by the Private Pension Administrator Malaysia (PPA). The PPA is a body approved by the Securities Commission, and serves to protect PRS members' interests and educate the public on PRS.

The PRS providers approved by the Securities Commission you can choose from are:

  • AmInvestment Management Sdn Bhd
  • AIA Pension and Asset Management Sdn. Bhd
  • CIMB-Principal Asset Management Berhad
  • Affin Hwang Asset Management Berhad
  • Manulife Asset Management Services Berhad
  • Public Mutual Berhad
  • RHB Asset Management Berhad
  • Kenanga Investors Berhad

PRS Contributions

Unlike the EPF system, you're free to invest any amount, whenever you please. That means there's no pressure to allocate a part of your salary each month at a fixed rate. It largely depends on how much you are willing to invest. If you're unsure of how much to contribute, the PPA site illustrates the amount of contribution you can make to reach particular goals.

Are PRS Investments Safe?

There is no such thing as risk-free investment. However, the PRS enables you to customise your investment choices based on your risk appetite but be aware that this will affect your expected return. Like other investments, PIDM does not cover PRS investments, and if the fund you invest in does not perform well...you could end up with less than what you saved initially.

Therefore, PRS providers are required by the Securities Commission to provide at least three "core" PRS funds, each with varying risk levels. Depending on your age or risk appetite, you can choose between Conservative, Moderate, and Growth funds.

If you're interested in investing in more than one PRS Provider, you also have the freedom to choose more than one fund offered by the different PRS Providers. Finally, you are also allowed to switch funds within the PRS system at any time, or change to another PRS Provider once a year, subject to terms imposed by the PRS Provider. Do bear in mind that the first transfer is only permitted a year after your first contribution, but there are no fees imposed for switching funds.

To fully reap the benefits of PRS, it appears that some amount of market know-how will be beneficial as you will be able to actively decide which fund to contribute to and when. You will also be in a better position to know when to pull out of non-performing investments.

PRS Income Tax Relief

Besides being an additional retirement pot, the PRS is also income tax deductible. You will be able to deduct up to RM3,000 from your taxable income, which will count towards your final tax payable. Earnings generated by the PRS funds will also be exempted from tax charges.

PRS Withdrawals

Similar to the EPF system, contributions are divided into two sub-accounts, which are divided 70:30 in Sub-Account A and Sub-Account B respectively. You can only withdraw funds from your PRS account upon reaching retirement age (currently 60 years) or in the case of death or emigration. If you wish to make partial withdrawal for pre-retirement, withdrawals can only be made from Sub-Account B once a year. But you'll be penalised with an 8% tax from the withdrawal amount.

How do I start contributing to a PRS fund?

To get started, you will need to set up a PPA account from the PPA website (note that there's a one-time RM10 account opening fee). From there, you can contribute to any of the PRS funds of your choice via PRS Online on the PPA website. Of course, you can also do these at any PRS provider's branch.

Can employers make voluntary PRS contributions for their employees?

Sure they can. In fact it works well for both employers and employees. Employers can invest in a PRS fund as a private pension for their employees together with recruitment benefit like Medical Insurance - a great way to attract loyal employees. On top of that, employers will also receive tax exemption for contributions for up to 19% of an employee's base salary.

Should you start contributing to PRS?

The results of the recent 2018 Malaysian Financial Literacy Survey found that almost half of Malaysians aged 35 and above have not started saving for retirement – a troubling statistic that could very well lead these Malaysians to retiring with hardly any money in the bank.

PRS works as a complement to your compulsory EPF savings to ensure you will be better off when you reach retirement age – so now that you have a better idea of what PRS is and how it works, you can better decide if its benefits are what you need for your retirement.


Agree or disagree with this post? Questions? You also have your word!

  • Amirah Afiqah

    Thank you for the great information! Now i know what is the differences between EPF and PRS. Hehehe. Thanks! :)

    • Asyraf

      Sound great

      • Tommy

        Been contributing to PRS for 4yrs+ and I must tell you, still making losses... if it's not because of the tax relief, i wouldn't have put it there. They shouldn't name it private retirement scheme because it looks like i'll be getting less money than you put at the end.

        • SY

          Hi Tommy, which provider that you have invested with?

          • Joe

            Try switching fund if the fund is not performing. Do some homework to determine fund performance. Diversify the portfolio to several good performing funds. So far I'm making a decent profit. I have some fund in XXXXXC XXXXXL which making lost thus switching funds to other providers.

            • RinggitPlus

              Hi Tommy,

              You're right, investment schemes are definitely risky. We're sorry you're going through a slump right now but hopefully things will look up for you in future!

            • lin

              Did you suggest for youth to join PRS?

            • Nur syahadah Fauzi

              Is it still working..? I just consider to make PRS but still thinking is it a better choice or not.

              • RinggitPlus

                Hi Nur Syahadah,

                Yes, the scheme is still open and you can apply if you're eligible.
                If you're interested in diversifying your investment, this is a good start.
                Thanks for your question, we hope this helps!

              • Tyara

                Oh no! I just joined PRS scheme. I haven't reached 30. I just want to know will I get the amount that I invested by the age of 55 regardless the market fluctuations? Let say I invested RM100 (plus RM1000 incentive) every month for 25 years. By age of 55 I should be getting RM 31,000 (without profit). Or is it possible that I get lesser than that? thank you and Sorry I'm such a newbie. :)

                • RinggitPlus

                  Hi Tyara,

                  Just with any investment, there are risks that you might not make as much as you project. We recommend you contacting your PRS agent if you want more information about your investment funds.
                  With investing in general, it's best to diversify and place your cash in as many growing pots as possible.
                  Thanks for your question, we hope this helps!

                • Zavier

                  My PRS in CIMB outperformed my EPF. Just go to PPA website, you will get all the information on which is the best performing fund.

                  • Fad

                    If i'm working as a government servant, is it still worth it for me to inest in PRS scheme?

                    • Fad

                      If i am working with government, is it still worth it for me to invest in PRS scheme?

                      • RinggitPlus

                        Hi, Fad.

                        As far as we know, you can invest in PRS as one of the main purposes of PRS is to build up your retirement fund. However, you need to note that PRS functions like any investment in the sense that the return of investment depends on the market performance. As PRS is a voluntary pension scheme, it also depends on the amount you want to contribute to the scheme and your risk appetite.

                        For clarity, we recommend contacting PPA.

                        Thank you for the question and we hope this helps.

                      • Henrie

                        Is every PRS providers different charge? by zero knowledge about investment

                      • leen

                        Will PRS scheme be stopped in the future?

                        • RinggitPlus

                          Hi, leen

                          At this juncture, it is hard for us to comment whether PRS will continue as it is up to the new government's discretion. As of now, PRS continues as usual until the new government issue any new directives.

                          Thanks for the question and we hope this helps.

                        • tia

                          Hi, just wondering, once you've picked one provider when opening the PRS account at PPA online, how to add other providers via PPA? or do we need to personally go to the bank to add the provider?

                          • RinggitPlus

                            Hi, tia.

                            It is in your best interest to contact the provider regarding adding another provider as some providers may not allow the addition.

                            Thanks for the question and we hope this helps.

                          • Tan

                            Hi, can you stop contributing to the PRS scheme you have chosen after a certain period of time(lets say 5 years), and wait until it matures when you reach age of 55 when you start receiving payment?

                            • RinggitPlus

                              Hi, Tan

                              Well, you to ask the PRS provider that you has signed up with. The reason for this is that different providers may have different schedules or procedures when it comes to getting payment.

                              Thanks for the question and we hope this helps.

                            • Michael

                              Hi, as a foreigner working in Malaysia, what are the rules regarding withdrawals ? With the EPF I think I am right in saying I can only access my money when I stop working here and am ready to leave the country. Is this also true of PRS /

                            • Manda

                              Hi, can I terminate the PRS account and transfer the money to EPF?

                              • RinggitPlus

                                Hi, Manda

                                Yes, you can. You need to inform the PRS provider about the termination.

                                Thanks for the question and we hope this helps.

                              • Anthony Chia

                                Hi, earlier last year (2018) I made a withdrawal of RM10K from my PRS account. Then later in the same year (2018) I made a deposit of RM3k into my PRS account. May I know if this RM3k that I contributed is income tax deductible for the year 2018?

                                • Thomas

                                  Have the same question. ie, if you withdraw, then invest again, does the new investment still count if less than your withdrawal?

                                • Jiewong

                                  I have some question regarding to the PRS dividend, how is the PRS dividend work?
                                  I already contribute over 1 year to the PRS but so far I didn't saw any Dividend credit to my account?

                                  Is the PRS operate same as EPF? For EPF, they will announce the interest every year and credit certain amount of money back to our EPF account base on the announced interest rate. Is PRS operate in this way?